The Definite Article
There are 2 Definite Articles in Dominican Kwéyòl: “la” and “a”.
When written, the Definite Article is preceded by a hyphen: -la and –a, and is placed after the noun.
-la is used with nouns that end with a consonant
-a is used with nouns that end with a vowel.
Examples of nouns with consonant endings:
tab-la (the table)
jip-la (the skirt)
fanm-la (the woman)
nonm-la (the man)
Examples of nouns with vowel endings:
mango-a (the mango)
diwi-a (the rice)
zanfan-a (the child)
péyi-a (the country)
The Indefinite Article
For the Indefinite Article (in English, these are the words: a/an), there is a choice of 3 words which can be used: an, on, or yon, and they can be used interchangeably. The Indefinite Article is placed before the noun. Unlike the definite article, when written, a hyphen is not used.
yon fanm (a woman)
on tab (a table)
an jip (a skirt)